31 Junly 1992
is a country where indigenous nationalities have lived
together in adjacent territories for the last several
millenia. It belongs to all indigenous nationalities.
when a true Federal structure is established based on
the desires and aspirations of all the indigenous
nationalities will Burma stand united and stable. With
this intention, General Aung San and indigenous leaders
signed the Pang Long Agreement on February 12, 1949. But
that agreement was never enacted in practice.
because of the chauvinistic behavior of the fascist
military dictatorship of the Burma Socialist Programme
Party (BSPP) and the State Law and Restoration Council
(SLORC), the indigenous nationalities are deprived of
their ethnic rights. Democracy and basic Human Rights of
the people are also abused. National unity has been destroyed
and civil war is going on unabated.
indigenous nationalities and all the peoples must topple
the military dictatorship and set up a true Federal
Union where equality, right of self-determination,
democracy and basic Human Rights are guaranteed.
attain equality, freedom, unity, security, fraternity,
trust and development in the Federal Union, the main
tasks which are necessary are to topple the SLORC
military dictatorship and to establish democracy, peace
and true Federal Union. To achieve these aims, the:
National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB)
National League for Democracy, Liberated Area (NLD-LA)
Democratic Alliance of Burma (DAB), and National Democratic Front (NDF)
have resolutely agreed to the following at Manerplaw on July 31, 1992.
We will struggle together to end Chauvinism and the fascist military dictatorship of the SLORC.
After ending the SLORC military dictatorship and when freedom and
peace are attained, a true national convention involving all
indigenous nationalities and all political parties will
We will draw up a true Federal Union constitution in accordance
with the desires of indigenous nationalities and all peoples.
We will follow the principles that no nationality shall have special
privileges and no restrictions will be imposed on the basic
rights of any nationality or minority in the Union.
We will build a Federal Union where all indigenous nationalities
enjoy equality, rights of self-determination, democracy and
basic Human Rights to the fullest extent. In doing so:
The Kachin, Karen, Chin, Mon, Burman, Arakan, Shan
poeples, etc. will have National States.incorporated in a
Federal Union of States.
The National States will assign certain power to the
Federal Union and the remaining powers will be exercised
by the National States including legislative,
administrative and judicial powers.
The Federal Union will consist of two houses of
Parliament: The National Assembly (Upper House) and The
People's Assembly (Lower House).
In accordance with the principle of civilian supremacy
over the military the Federal Union and State armies will
be put under the direct supervision of the Elected
e. The legislative, adm
and judicial branches of the Federal Union Government
will be checked and balanced in power, and the judiciary
will be independent.
The Constitution will be designed to prevent any
re-emergence of Chauvinism and fascist dictatorship in